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  An Example of the Nazi Germany’s Propaganda in Turkey: German Architectural Exhibitions in Ankara and İstanbul [Ankara Araştırmaları Dergisi]
Ankara Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2018; 6(1): 23-38 | DOI: 10.5505/jas.2018.77527  

An Example of the Nazi Germany’s Propaganda in Turkey: German Architectural Exhibitions in Ankara and İstanbul

Evren Küçük
Kastamonu University Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences Department of International Relations, Political History.

The New German Architectural Exhibition opened in Ankara Exhibition House between 31st January and 15th February 1943 was one of the exhibitions opened during the World War II. This exhibition occupied a distinctive place on the public agenda due to its size and effect in media in that date. A great number of Turkish authorities, foreign diplomatic representatives and the journalists attended the exhibition, which was opened with the great efforts, and leading role of German Ambassador in Ankara, Franz von Papen and such a situation caused the exhibition to attract attention. Even though the civil architectural and engineering works stopped completely in Germany during the War and some of the projects were draft and incomplete, they tried to be exhibited to give the impression of Nazi Germany’s “great power” with the aim of propaganda. In Turkey’s press, great praises were presented in writings towards the magnificence and architects of German architecture. Not only axis powers but also allied powers tried to attract the attention of Turkish Government and public agenda in Turkey using propaganda methods. As the result of such attempts, UK in 1944 opened exhibitions on English architecture in Ankara first and then in Istanbul. Similar praises spent for German architecture were also presented to that of the UK. At this point, it may be stated that as for the War, Turkey followed a policy of active neutrality, Turkish media also followed the same policy.
In the present study, it was attempted to determine how Nazi Germany turned architectural works into a propaganda tool even though it faced great defeats. In addition, the focus was on the view of Turkish media about the New Germany Architectural Exhibition and their perception of propaganda and the reactions of society to the Exhibitions.

Keywords: Germany, Franz von Papen, Propaganda, Exhibition, Architecture, İstanbul, Ankara


Türkiye’de Nazi Almanya Propagandasına Bir Örnek: Ankara ve İstanbul’da Alman Mimari Sergileri

Evren Küçük
Kastamonu Üniversitesi, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi, Uluslararası İlişkiler Bölümü, Siyasi Tarih Anabilim Dalı, Kastamonu

Ankara Sergi Evi’nde 31 Ocak-15 Şubat 1943 tarihleri arasında açılan Yeni Alman Mimarisi Sergisi, II. Dünya Savaşı’nda açılan sergilerden biriydi. Sergi, büyüklüğü ve basında önemli bir yer edinmesi nedeniyle diğer sergilerden farklı olmuştu. Almanya’nın Ankara Büyükelçisi Franz von Papen öncülüğünde gerçekleştirilen sergiye çok sayıda Türk yetkili, yabancı diplomatik temsilci ve basın mensubu katılmış, bu da serginin ilgi çekmesini sağlamıştı. Savaşta Alman mimari inşaatı durdurulduğu halde ve (bir kısmı) taslak halindeki projeler olmasına rağmen propaganda amacıyla Nazi Almanya’sının “büyük gücü” propaganda yoluyla sergilenmeye çalışılmıştı. Türk basınında çıkan yazıların çoğunluğunda Alman mimarisinin “ihtişamına” ve mimarlarına büyük övgüler kaleme alınmıştı. Türkiye’de sadece mihver devletler değil müttefik devletler de propaganda yoluyla Türk Hükümetini ve kamuoyunu etkilemeye çalışmıştı. Nitekim İngiltere de 1944 yılında önce Ankara ardından da İstanbul’da İngiliz mimari sergisini açmıştı. Alman mimarisine yapılan övgülerin benzeri bu kez İngiliz mimarisi için yapılmıştı. Dolayısıyla Türkiye nasıl savaş ortamında aktif tarafsızlık politikası izlemişse, Türk basını da benzer bir politika izlemişti. Makalede, Nazi Almanya’sı büyük yenilgiler aldığı halde mimari eserleri nasıl bir propaganda aracına dönüştürdüğü değerlendirilmeye çalışılmıştır. Ayrıca Türk basınının Yeni Almanya Mimari Sergisi’ne bakışı ve propagandayı nasıl algıladığı, ne tür tepkiler verdiğine odaklanılmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Almanya, Franz von Papen, Propaganda, Sergi, Mimari, İstanbul, Ankara


Evren Küçük. An Example of the Nazi Germany’s Propaganda in Turkey: German Architectural Exhibitions in Ankara and İstanbul. Ankara Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2018; 6(1): 23-38

Corresponding Author: Evren Küçük, Türkiye


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Journal of Ankara Studies / 14th Issue : Submission deadline for papers is June 30, 2019.

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